By Manfried Rauchensteiner, Alex J. Kay, Anna G|ttel
The heritage of ways the 1st international struggle was once unleashed, of the function performed via Emperor Franz Joseph, of how during which the several nationalities within the Habsburg Monarchy reacted, and of the disintegration of an empire that had lasted over six hundred years has misplaced none of its drama even at the present time. besides the fact that, a lot of the tale at the back of those occasions is just now changing into transparent. the following, politics and struggle are mentioned, as is the alliance with Germany and the conflict as a country of emergency and as a part of lifestyle. This publication, by means of considered one of Austria’s prime historians, is a important eu encyclopaedia of the 1st international battle. Manfried Rauchensteiner is Professor of Austrian historical past on the collage of Vienna and, till 2005, was once Director of the Museum of army background.
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Extra resources for The First World War and the End of the Habsburg Monarchy, 1914-1918
The railway programme, which was of no importance to the northern and eastern crown lands and indeed appeared to be aimed against their interests, was by contrast supported by the Alpine regions. 80 So it was that both projects were endlessly debated until Koerber fell from office. The economic upturn came anyway – or so it appeared – until the Balkan Wars took their severe toll. There were numerous indications that this would happen. Tax revenues decreased, although this had little effect on wages and earnings, since these were only taxed from 44 On the Eve an annual income exceeding 1,200 kronen, and at a maximum of three per cent.
Serbia had reneged on the pledges it had made at the London Ambassadors’ Conference and had not withdrawn fully from Albania. While Great Britain in particular applied pressure for the agreement to be observed, no joint démarche by the states that had signed the Treaty of London was made. Only Vienna made one attempt after another to put pressure on the Serbian government and to agree on a joint approach with the other powers involved. It was all in vain. Now it was Italy’s turn to demur, which while benefiting from Serbia being kept away from the Adriatic also feared an expansion of Austro-Hungarian influence and wished to see this compensated.
The fact, cited by the German historian Fritz Fischer as a cause of the precipitation of the war, that Germany was seeking to gain a foothold in the Balkans,46 can therefore also be explained as a result of Berlin’s unwillingness to remain in this position. This raised fundamental questions regarding the relationship between Germany and Austria-Hungary. 47 Franz Ferdinand, who was a relatively consistent proponent of finding a peaceful solution to Balkan issues, requested that a detailed memorandum be drawn up regarding the turbulent European region, giving a precise account of the Austrian assessment of the situation.