By Eleonore Stump
The scholastic literature on dialectic is massive, yet students haven't but taken complete good thing about its riches. during this paintings, Eleonore Stump strains one strand of the historical past of formal good judgment from its resource in antiquity in the course of the fourteenth century.
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Additional info for Dialectic and Its Place in the Development of Medieval Logic
62. De Pater, Les Topiques d' Aristote, p. 206. 28 Dialectic in Medieval Logic as at least some of the Greek commentators and Latin rhetoricians who discussed Topics did. In light of the Ciceronian and Themistian treatments of the Topics, we might look at the ordering of Topics within a Book as intrinsic, intermediate, and extrinsic. 63 First are the Topics that depend in some way on the nature of the predicable in question; for example, a genus must be in the same category as its species, or, the genus must be predicated of all the things its species is predicated of.
24. " 25. "intra se. " 40 Dialectic in Medieval Logic (9) An envious man is not wise (is not a wise man). (14) The Moors lack weapons. The conclusion of the hypothetical argument is (15) The art of medicine is expedient. The conclusion of the argument justifying the conditional premiss used in that hypothetical argument is (12) If advantage inheres in driving out disease, ministering to health, and healing wounds, it also inheres in the art of medicine. Thus, (9), (14), and (15) are instantiations of the consequents in (8'), (13'), and (11') respectively; that is, if the maximal propositions are thought of as conditionals, the conclusions of both the predicative and hypothetical arguments supported by those maximal propositions are particular cases of the consequents in their maximal propositions.
Unlike Aristotle, Boethius recognizes two different types of Topics. First, he says, a Topic is a maximal proposition (maxima propositio), or principle; but there is a second kind of Topic, which he calls the differentia of a maximal proposition, or just Differentia. 5 Both 'maximal proposition' and 'Differentia' are technical terms that will be explained in detail in this essay. The Differentiae are the real instruments of Boethius' s art of finding arguments; but maximal propositions are also important; and Boethius begins his theoretical discussion of the Topics 6 by explaining what a maximal proposition is and showing how it functions.