By Ilana Mountian
In this significant contribution to the sphere, Ilana Mountian severely analyses discourses surrounding drug dependancy, drug prohibition, therapy and prevention, and highlights new methods of figuring out the position that gender performs within the ethics of drug use throughout cultures.
The booklet analyses the discourses of faith, illegal activity and medication, and indicates how they, mixed with key old occasions, impact our perspectives of drug use and drug clients in keeping with gender, race and sophistication.
The publication attracts on learn from numerous fields to supply substitute conceptual and methodological views at the topic, including:
* severe theory
* gender reviews
* post-colonial studies
Cultural Ecstasies is an leading edge examine of substances and dependancy, and may be of significant curiosity to scholars, researchers and execs operating in psychology, sociology, social paintings, healthiness care, criminology, and allied disciplines.
Read or Download Cultural Ecstasies: Drugs, Gender and the Social Imaginary (Concepts for Critical Psychology) PDF
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Extra resources for Cultural Ecstasies: Drugs, Gender and the Social Imaginary (Concepts for Critical Psychology)
Commenting on the increase in the use of cocaine in the urban vice districts, the chairman of the Committee on Acquirement of the Drug Habit of the American Pharmaceutical Association, Hynson (1902) asserted that prostitutes, African-Americans and Chinese immigrants are the most likely drug users. (Ghatak, 2010: 43) It was during this period that a specific social imaginary of addicts was constructed, and fear of addiction was disseminated. Drugs were perceived as leading to slavery, a state of ‘social death’, and addiction was seen as a kind of bondage ‘modelled on slavery that affected whites’ (Campbell, 2000: 72).
In this context, Musto (1999) argues that the prohibition of smoking opium was also utilised as a symbolic mark that the US was fighting against the evils of addiction. Dally (1996) points out that the phrase ‘drug abuse’, meaning ‘illegal drug use’, was at first utilised in America as a disapproval of the Southern blacks’ use of cocaine, and later this was extended to Chinese opium smoking (Zinberg, 1984): In an article in the New York Medical Journal, Dr. Perry Lichtenstein, a physician at the New York City Prison stated that drug habits vary according to racial identity (Lichtenstein, 1914: 965).
However, most of the new visible ‘addicts’ were not Chinese or opium smokers (Hickman, 2000). Yet, argues Hickman (2000: 71), ‘fear of the Chinese and the Black shaped America drug policy. This world of Oriental otherness thus threatened the stability of the bourgeois subject – while also defining it’. In this context, the Chinese were seen as spreading opium to an unwary nation. We can identify three prevailing discursive registers of drug discourses within this context: the ‘primitivising’, the ‘orientalising’ and the ‘sexualising’: Early-twentieth-century drug discourse lined the age of dope to the practices of the ‘oriental’ through the figure of the ‘white slaver’.