By Alex Barber, Robert J Stainton
The applying of philosophy to language learn, and language examine to philosophy, has skilled demonstrable highbrow progress and diversification in contemporary a long time. This paintings comprehensively analyzes and evaluates some of the best points of this shiny field. An edited selection of articles taken from the award-winning Encyclopedia of Language and Linguistics 2d version, this quantity acts as a single-stop table reference source for the field, comprising contributions from the most important students of philosophy of linguistics of their a variety of interdisciplinary specializations. From Plato's Cratylus to Semantic and Epistemic Holism, this attention-grabbing paintings authoritatively unpacks the various and multi-layered suggestions of meaning, expression, id, fact, and numerous different subject matters and matters straddling the linguistic-philosophical meridian, in one hundred seventy five articles and over 900 pages. * Authoritative assessment of this dynamic box positioned in an interdisciplinary context* Approximately a hundred seventy five articles by way of leaders within the box* Compact and reasonable single-volume structure
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Extra resources for Concise Encyclopedia of Philosophy of Language and Linguistics
So, a proposition is a priori if it is a necessary truth. Although Ayer’s arguments contain some questionable steps, his arguments are not wildly implausible. More importantly, they set up a major challenge to his empiricism. If, as he and Carnap (1956) claim, mathematical and logical truths are necessary, and hence a priori, then we can have nonempirical knowledge; but then we can have some nonexperiential access to certain substantive facts about the world. That conflicts with Ayer’s and Carnap’s view that sentences, including sentences that express the contents of our knowledge, can have meaning only by being verifiable in principle.
2a) Gold has atomic number 79. Three distinctions – necessary/contingent, a priori/ a posteriori, and analytic/synthetic – mark three different contrasts. The a priori/a posteriori distinction marks an epistemological contrast between two different ways of knowing some proposition or two different ways of being justified in believing a proposition. The necessary/contingent distinction marks a modal contrast between different propositions. The analytic/synthetic distinction marks a semantic contrast between different sentences.
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