By Stanley M. Walas
Chemical approach gear is a advisor to the choice and layout of a variety of chemical strategy gear. Emphasis is put on particular info in regards to the method layout and function of apparatus. To this finish, consciousness is given to examples of profitable purposes, and a beneficiant variety of line sketches displaying the functioning of kit is integrated with many graphs and tables giving their real functionality. For coherence, short experiences of perininent conception, together with numerical examples to demonstrate the extra concerned tactics, are supplied in key chapters.
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Extra resources for Chemical process equipment: selection and design
7. Because of the importance of safety and its complexity, safety engineering is a speciality in itself. In chemical processing plants of any significant size, loss prevention reviews are held periodically by groups that always include a representative of the safety department. Other personnel, as needed by the particular situation, are from manufacturing, maintenance, technical service, and possibly research, engineering, and medical groups. The review considers any changes made since the last review in equipment, repairs, feedstocks and products, and operating conditions.
Recovery of power from a high pressure gas is a fairly common operation. A classic example of power recovery from a high pressure liquid is in a plant for the absorption of CO, by water at a pressure of about 4000psig. After the absorption, the CO, is released and power is recovered by releasing the rich liquor through a turbine. 5 Recovery of Power from a Hot Gas Stream A closed circuit of propane is employed for indirect recovery of power from the thermal energy of the hot pyrolyzate of an ethylene plant.
What are process margins of safety for all reactants and intermediates in the process? 7. List known reaction rate data on the normal and possible abnormal reactions 8. How much heat must be removed for normal, or abnormally possible, exothermic reactions? (see Chaps. 7, 17, and 18) 9. How thoroughly is the chemistry of the process including desired and undesired reactions known? (See NFPA 491 M, Manual of Hazardous Chemical Reactions) I O . What provision is made for rapid disposal of reactants if required by emergency?