Different types and De Interpretatione
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Extra resources for Categories and De Interpretatione (Clarendon Aristotle Series)
The Balance of Reason itself should not lean a priori towards one or another reason. But in order to ensure its neutrality one should also avoid the undesirable inﬂuence of other causes on its functioning. , current prejudices, traditions, political interests, passions, limitations of attention or memory, unconscious desires) may surreptitiously take the place 6 Brief Commentaries, # 65. The Balance of Reason 31 of reasons. No doubt factors such as these are those that often end up determining our beliefs, preferences, decisions, and actions.
Similarly when he predicates an attribute, he does that for a hearer. And even the ostensive function can involve a communicative component. Lorenz’ account of predication is ﬁne-grained. His conceptual framework enables him to distinguish between part, whole, aspect and phase. He give an account not only of familiar elementary propositions in which a universal is predicated of a particular but also of other propositions in which a particular is seen as a part of a whole. Lorenz’ analysis of predication covers both the class-membership predication and the mereological predication.
They also prove the soundness and the completeness of their extension. This is an important logical result. Extensional languages with a pure denotational semantics are of a very limited interest in cognitive science. Intensional object languages are needed in artiﬁcial intelligence as well as in philosophical logic and semantics to deal with thoughts of agents who are often uncertain. However, many natural intensional properties existing in artiﬁcial and natural languages are hard to compute in the algorithmic way.