By Stephen Matthews, Virginia Yip
Matthews and Yip current a clean and available description of the modern language. The booklet is organised through either syntactic different types and language services, offering accomplished therapy of grammatical buildings and paying detailed consciousness to idiom and speech registers. Grammatical issues are illustrated through genuine examples from motion pictures, advertisements and dialog in Hong Kong.An broad index, numbered paragraphs and beneficiant use of move references supply readers with easy accessibility to the knowledge they require. This grammar stands out as the ordinary reference for years yet to come.
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Additional resources for Cantonese: A Comprehensive Grammar (Comprehensive Grammars)
To the o w d l topic of a text or m a d i o n i n the everyday mse, a d is equally applicable to all lanpuagw. e. something already referred to In the text. However, a 'new' topic d dismurse may be introduced as a mtence topic. N w is the s m e m topic m l y what the sentence i s 'abwr. although this is typKarly m x i case.. A more geReral OeIinitKm grven by Lhate 15 usetul: 'the topic s m the sptial, temporal or other framework in which the flredication hdds' (Chafe 196). That is, the topic spsifiw the time, place or &cumstto which the rwt ofthe sentenw applies.
3). 13. Di fR hsl p m n Cl. Rowen at inaide The Rowen are i d . ' YslqMm y h h hhu di3 TB. ' m, @) fonowing a noun like -m. 3). oppcsire 'opposite the school' Cantonese rn a number of -om to exadwrhial mod*d o n ; there is no single -s of forming adwrlm c c m p a b t to -Iy in English. The drsesr C a n m e mmes m forming adverbe hwn djwlivts i s the use dreduplicated adjectiva. 3): meahndan hlahng dcwsllozv walk 'EV glWW hh-ha& fan skep 'deep well' s i m such reduplimted forms are also usad as adjdives.
Tqicahmtion of an &jed i s also widely used with& a djed, where the i m p l i t subject a unknown ar g e d i G m yhng p #it MI yTnmi g6ng ge. ' Note that E~ngl~zh typically uses the passive to make the the subjed (and thmby toyic) of the mtence, where Cantonese simply topicalizes the object. Such topblizafions thm often rorrwpond to passives in English. 1). ~ n e ot me main communicatrve tunmm ot ~ q n c a ~ i ~ ~Int m , Cantonese a in Endish. 1s to contrast the topicalmed wwd or p h m with anmher which is mentionedor implied in th; wntexl: Syii Baak Dahk ng6h sehngyaht tEng ge, listen PRT.