By Werner Nachtigall, Alfred Wisser
Bionics potential studying from the character for the advance of expertise. The technology of "bionics" itself is assessed into numerous sections, from fabrics and buildings over approaches and approaches until eventually evolution and optimization. now not most of these components, or just a couple of, are rather identified within the public and in addition in medical literature. This contains the Lotus-effect, switched over to the contamination-reduction of fassades and the shark-shed-effect, switched over to the resistance-reduction of airplanes. notwithstanding, there are 1000s of hugely fascinating examples that include the transformation of rules of the character into know-how. From the massive variety of those examples, 250 have been chosen for the current ebook in accordance with "prehistory", "early-history", "classic" and "modern time". such a lot examples are new. each instance incorporates a published web page in a homogeneous association. The examples from the sector "modern time" are joint in blocks akin to the sub-disciplines of bionics.
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Extra resources for Bionics by Examples: 250 Scenarios from Classical to Modern Times
This doesn't correspond to the history. ORIGIN: From the 13th until 15th 9. 1960, a congress, sponsored by the Wright Air Development Division, took place in Dayton, Ohio, named: "Bionics symposium. Living prototypes - the key to new technology". E. Keto talked about "Bionics - new frontiers of technology through fusion of the bioand physio-disciplines". Here, the word "bionics" appeared for the first time. In the end-session, Major J. E. Steele talked about: "How we get there". DEFINED BY J.
J. Ornithol. 116(1), 1–38. – Bilo, D. (1971): Flugbiophysik von Kleinvögeln. I. Z. Vergl. Physiol. 71, 382. 43 Classic Wing beat kinematics of flies as basis for MAVs A B Flapping-rotational-oscillations coupled with an ideal phaseangle generate lift and thrust during down- an upstroke. BIOLOGY: Bluebottles as well as hoverflies let the wings swing fore- and backward (flapping oscillation) with approximately 200 s-1 from top-behind to front-below and turn them simultaneously approximately around the longitudinal-axis (rotational-oscillation) (A).
PRINCIPLE: One knows about technical double-T-beams since their introduction into the concrete- and railroad-constructions of this 19th century, that due to their typical cross-sections they show an especially high moment of inertia and are relatively resistant to bending and torsion (B). This is especially true if they are combined to radial complexes: So technical biology can explain the sobeing of biological structures by analogue conditions. EXPLANATION BY AN OTHER FIELD: S. Schwendener, botanist and biomechanics in the late 19th century, was stimulated „by the viewing iron bridges and railway stations with their numerous double-T-profiles“ to understand rigid plant-stalks as systems of such profiles.