By T. Fehner, F. Gosling
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Extra info for Atmospheric Nuclear Weapons Testing [1951-1963]
Source: Department of Energy. Pile D at Hanford. Pile in foreground, water treatment plant in rear. Source: Department of Energy. Los Alamos laboratory mid-1940s. Source: Los Alamos National Laboratory Part I: Origins of the Nevada Test Site 23 would release the greatest possible amount of energy before being blown apart and dispersed in the explosion. The simplest way to accomplish this, which became known as the gun method, brought two subcritical masses of fissionable material together at high speed to form a supercritical mass.
The three tests performed as expected and fallout remained largely localized. The second shot, Yoke, at forty–nine kilotons, provided the largest explosive yield yet achieved, over twice the size of the Trinity test. More importantly, the new bomb designs translated into more efficient use of fissionable 34 materials. From thirteen weapons in 1947, the nuclear stockpile increased to fifty in 1948. As for Enewetak, despite the expressed intent to make it a permanent proving ground, the task force left few structures standing.
Secretary of Defense Louis A. 29 The possible loss of the Pacific test site and series revived Nutmeg. Less than three weeks following the outbreak of hostilities in Korea, the Atomic Energy Commission asked the Department of Defense to join in a renewed study of a continental test site. Within a week, the Armed Forces Special Weapons Project and the AEC had narrowed the list down to a handful of potential sites. ” Both Alaska and Canada, AFSWP further observed, presented difficulties in the control of “wandering groups” such as trappers and prospectors.