By Mary T. Phillips
This quantity grew out of a undertaking to behavior a survey of the medical literature of the us for goods addressing the e. thical and humane problems with animal experimentation. the unique goal of the survey used to be to supply packground info for the advance of a collection of consultant traces for using animals in study then in coaching by way of the recent York Academy of Sciences' advert Hoc Committee on Animal study. ! We quickly learned, besides the fact that, that the survey constituted a helpful source in its personal correct. during this e-book we current the result of the literature survey besides suitable information regarding its legislative and historic con textual content. we are hoping that this fabric could be necessary to biomedical researchers grappling with animal welfare difficulties in addition to to social scientists drawn to tracing the evolution of the 20th-century section of the animal learn controversy. The time span lined by way of the survey was once chosen to check the 20-year interval among the passage of the 1st federal Animal Welfare Act in 1966 and the latest laws regulating animal learn, which took impression in the course of 1986. Our research examines this transitional interval during the pages of the clinical literature. in the course of those 2 many years, animal re seek within the usa used to be remodeled. Activist animal defense corporations catapulted not easy moral inquiries to nationwide promenade inence, throwing the medical community2 into turmoil.
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Additional resources for Animal Research and Ethical Conflict: An Analysis of the Scientific Literature: 1966–1986
Government Printing Office: 1986-180-916:40234, Washington-I-85, Sec 2,28, p 1. 20 Dr. Dale F. , 1983; Orlans FB (1981) Scientists Center for Animal Welfare, Statement for the record. In: Hearings before the Subcommittee on Science, Research, and Technology ofthe Committee on Science and Technology. S. House of Representatives, 97th Congress, 1st session (No 68), pp 587590. 21 Code of Federal Regulations (1985) Op cit [note 19], p 9. 22 United States Department of Agriculture, Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service (USDA-APHIS) (1987) Animal welfare enforcement, FY 1986: Report of the Secretary of Agriculture to the President of the Senate and the Speaker of the House of Representatives.
See Appendix B for the relevant text of the Health Research Extension Act. S United States Constitution. Article I, Sec 8; Amendment X. 9 Sechzer JA, Grodsky PB (1978) History and current status of antivivisection, humane, and animal rights groups in the United States. Program of the 86th Annual Meeting of the American Psychological Association; French RD (1975) Antivivisection and medical science in Victorian society. Princeton: Princeton University Press, pp 392-412; Griffin A, Sechzer JA (1983) Mandatory versus voluntary regulation of biomedical research.
At the same time, the 1970 amendments provided that, not later than March of each year, the Secretary [of Agriculture] submit to the President of the Senate and the Speaker of the House of Representatives a comprehensive and detailed written report with respect to "1) the identification of all research facilities, exhibitors, and other persons and establishments licensed... ; 2) the nature and place of all investigations and inspections made... " This report, published annually by the USDA, also contains summaries of the information provided in the facilities' individual reports.