By James Edwin Creighton
This Elibron Classics version is a facsimile reprint of a 1905 version by way of the Macmillan corporation, ny.
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Extra info for An Introductory Logic
283 By saying 'name/noun' (onoma), Aristotle indicated at the same time how the differentiation of homonyms should be enunciated: we should place 26,1 the article before them and say, 'to endrapodizesthai means such-andsuch, but it also means such-and-such'; for it is the placing of the article before them which gives them the characteristic of nouns. 284 Now, monos sometimes means 'one', as for example when we say 'the universe is one', and sometimes it denotes a contrast with 5 something else, as when we say 'he has only (monon) a cloak', contrasting this with a tunic.
Cutting' and 'burning' are in [the category of] 'doing' (to poiein) , just as 'being cut' and 'being burned' are in 'being affected' (to paskhein) . Porphyry also adds the remarks of Boethus, which are full of sharp-wittedness (ankhinoia) and tend in the same direction as what has been said. He too says that with regard to nouns and verbs, the division takes place a s far a s the elements of speech (logos) , but according to the categories the division takes place in so far as expressions (lexeis) have a relation (skhesis) to beings, since they are significant ofthe latter.
That which is brought into the use of many both indivisibly and simultaneously, as a voice. 288 Thus the name, too, is common to the homonyms, belonging to all at once; and at the same time it can belong to other things, remaining indivisibly the same. This is why Andronicus, in his Paraphrase of the Categories, says that those things are called homonyms of which the name is identical. 289 Mter all, both the name and the account (logos) , by virtue of their incorpo20 real nature, are present to many things indivisibly.