By James Dobbins
A virtually 50-year evaluate of U.S. efforts to remodel defeated and damaged enemies into democratic and wealthy allies.
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Additional resources for America's role in nation-building: from Germany to Iraq, Issue 1753
The capital of Berlin was also partitioned among the four occupying powers. Common Allied policy was developed in a series of summit meetings, most notably at Casablanca in January 1943, at Yalta in February 1945, and at Potsdam in August 1945. S. President Franklin Roosevelt had decided to accept only unconditional surrender from Germany. This decision was reiterated in subsequent meetings that included Soviet leader Josef Stalin. The Yalta Conference called for unconditional surrender, the destruction of Nazism, the disarmament of Germany, the speedy punishment of war criminals, reparations, and an economy able to sustain the German people but not capable of waging war.
Constabulary was established in January 1946, but initially comprised only the commanding major general and his staff. They established a school to train soldiers on constabulary duties. These troops received training on law enforcement and military government issues. 15 The force was formally established in July 1946, with just over 30,000 soldiers, and was deployed throughout the American sector. The constabulary peaked at 31,000 troops. S. sector despite significant personnel turnover resulting from rapid demobilization.
1970, especially pp. 279–294. S. occupation forces focused on demobilization of the vast German army, denazification of German society, and the prevention of the reemergence of Nazi elements. The Western zones quickly demobilized the German military, with little resistance. The Wehrmacht and all other military and paramilitary organizations were dissolved, and the German General Staff was abolished. 17 The constabulary force, meanwhile, trained a new German police force that was soon able to conduct routine police duties.