By Graham D. Rowles
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Extra info for Aging and Milieu. Environmental Perspectives on Growing Old
J. ), Mid-life: Developmental and clinical issues. New York: Bruner-Mazel, 1980. Sarason, S. B. Work, aging, and social change: Professionals and the one-life one-career imperative. New York: Free Press, 1977. 4 Time, Space, and Activity M. POWELL LAWTON This chapter will discuss the activity patterns of older people as they are related to the broadest concept of well-being. Activity as discussed here may be defined as the time allocations of overt behaviors within specifiable environmental contexts.
In effect, this assertion was made implicitly by Gordon et al (1976) when they, as researchers, assigned every objective activity to a category falling on their expressive involvement continuum. This assertion is false, since people differ among 48 M. Powell Lawton themselves in whether they experience a particular activity, for example, drinking, as relaxation, diversion, social participation, or even creativity. Thus, every property of an activity that fails the test of objectivity (can be counted or measured in centimeters/grams/seconds, or is characterized the same way by 100% of observers) belongs somewhere in the realm of a cognition by an individual, that is, a subjective activity.
Step back with me in time, over about a mile in space—a mile that will soon prove longer than Leland and I had guessed. " "Love stories always end in tragic separation. That's a comparatively benign conclusion, since each of us survives to find new companions. " "I'll have to find a new end for my beginning," says Leland [Datan, 1975, p. 290]. In 1 9 7 4 Leland called our relationship a "facultative symbiosis''—a zoological term for a romance between two independent organisms who allowed themselves to enjoy a measure of interdependence.