By Michael Lynch
The second one variation of this best-selling identify has been revised and up to date to mirror the wishes of the present requisites. The name charts China's awesome and tumultuous improvement from the institution of the People's Republic in 1949 to Mao's demise in 1976. The e-book examines the frequent social and financial switch that resulted from the Communist revolution, together with the adjustments to agriculture, the five-year plans and the hundred-flowers crusade. It then is going directly to examine the explanations for the Cultural Revolution and its legacy. furthermore the writer analyzes Mao's prestige as a political chief and his value within the household advancements of China from 1949 to seventy six. in the course of the publication, key dates, phrases and concerns are highlighted, and old interpretations of key debates are defined. precis diagrams are incorporated to consolidate wisdom and figuring out of the interval, and exam-style questions and assistance for every exam board give you the chance to strengthen examination talents.
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Extra info for Access To History. The People's Republic of China 1949-76
That was why he was able on occasion to withdraw from the political frontline, as at the time of the famine in the early 1960s (see page 73), and then later return with his power undiminished. Key question How did democratic centralism operate under Mao? Democratic centralism Western observers were sometimes puzzled by the Chinese situation in which a party, dedicated to the notion of the rule of the masses, allowed itself to be controlled by one man, Mao Zedong. Part of the answer lies in the concept of democratic centralism.
Moscow The capital of the USSR, the only foreign country Mao ever visited. Imperialists The advanced capitalist nations which had become powerful through exploiting weaker countries. Sputnik The ﬁrst Soviet satellite to be successfully launched into orbit around the Earth in 1957. 1 | Introduction The Great Leap Forward was the term Mao used to describe the second Five-Year Plan of 1958–62. His aim was to turn the PRC into a modern industrial state in the shortest possible time. He believed that by revolutionising China’s agriculture and industry the PRC could build an economy that would catch up with those of the major nations and then overtake them.
Stalin’s role What commentators now suggest is that Stalin had colluded with Kim Il Sung, the North Korean leader, in organising the venture and that he called on China to give support only after the ﬁghting had started. Stalin was playing Cold War politics. Having been convinced by Kim that North Korea was capable of sustaining a major war effort against the Americans, Stalin anticipated that the USA would be sucked into a conﬂict in Asia which it could not win. The great advantage as Stalin saw it was that war in Korea entailed no risk to the USSR since Soviet forces would not be directly involved.