By Axel Schuessler
This is often the 1st real etymological dictionary of outdated chinese language written in any language. As such, it constitutes a milestone in examine at the evolution of the Sinitic language staff. while past reports have emphasised the constitution of the chinese language characters, this pathbreaking dictionary locations basic emphasis at the sounds and meanings of Sinitic roots. in response to greater than 3 many years of extensive research in fundamental and secondary resources, this thoroughly new dictionary areas previous chinese language squarely in the Sino-Tibetan language family members (including shut attention of various Tiberto-Burman languages), whereas paying due regard to different language households corresponding to Austroasiatic, Miao-Yao (Hmong-Mien), and Kam-Tai.
Designed to be used by means of nonspecialists and experts alike, the dictionary is extremely available, being prepared in alphabetical order and possessed of various leading edge lexicographical positive aspects. each one access deals a number of attainable etymologies in addition to reconstructed pronunciations and different suitable facts. phrases which are morphologically similar are grouped jointly into ''word families'' that try and make particular the derivational or different etymological tactics that relate them. The dictionary is preceded via a important and important advent that outlines the authorвЂ™s perspectives at the linguistic place of chinese language inside of Asia and info the phonological and morphological homes, to the measure they're recognized, of the earliest levels of the chinese and its ancestor. This creation, since it either summaries and synthesizes previous paintings and makes a number of unique contributions, features as an invaluable reference paintings all by itself.
The ABC Etymological Dictionary of outdated chinese language is a enormous success within the background of chinese language linguistics, providing many new hypotheses and systematically comparing and incorporating past scholarship. it will likely be warmly welcomed by way of students in a wide selection of China- and Asia-related fields, together with early chinese, literature, tradition, and inspiration in addition to the wider cultural-linguistic panorama of prehistorical East and Southeast Asia.
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Extra info for ABC Etymological Dictionary of Old Chinese
Direct obj. (ex. 3: yu 'to give'); often, the order is subj. verb - dir. obj. yu 'preposition' + indir. obj. (ex. 4: wen 'to ask about'). t1 (duke; give I him [md, obj,] / town [dir. J) 'The Duke gave him towns' [Zuo: Xiang 27: 5J, (3) gong yu zhryi (ask about; Confucius [dir. obj,j ! prepos, ! Zilu) 'he asked Zilu about Confucius' [Lunyu 7, 19]. ) - is followed by an obj. (exs. 5, 7). , the latter is either implied, or the verb is used intransitively (ex. 8: tlng 'listen'), or the verb is passive when followed by the agent in a prepositional phrase (ex.
MK: OKhmerjmol Icm9911 'male of animals' is derived from a root meaning 'to hollow out, groove, perforate' > 'to plant' (with a planting stick with which one pokes into the soil). 2 Austroasiatic wordfamities in Old Chinese Besides OC words with nasal initials, there are many other unanalyzable words in ~C, some of which can be explained as fragments of MK word families. An example will serve: derivations from the AA root that occurs in Khmer as *dgj 'carry, bear' (Khmer -;;}j often corresponds to OC *g).
Second, phonological identity, or variation supported by well-documented correspondence patterns (hence the introductory chapters), tend to override the expectation for identical meanings in comparative sets, as long as the semantic disparity has a plausible explanation. Thus ..... jf *dzit 'be sick' is the same word as jf *dzit 'detest; burn, torch'; both belong to a ST etymon *tsik (apparently 'to smolder') with the semantic range 'burn (in a smoldering fashion), angry, detest, be in rut, feverish, sick'.