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Download A Short History of German Philosophy by Vittorio Hösle, Steven Rendall PDF

By Vittorio Hösle, Steven Rendall

Initially released as Eine kurze Geschichte der deutschen Philosophie. Translated through Steven Rendall

This concise yet finished e-book presents an unique heritage of German-language philosophy from the center a while to this day. In an obtainable narrative that explains advanced principles in transparent language, Vittorio Hösle lines the evolution of German philosophy and describes its vital impact on different points of German tradition, together with literature, politics, and technological know-how.

Starting with the medieval mystic Meister Eckhart, the ebook addresses the philosophical alterations led to by way of Luther's Reformation, after which offers a close account of the classical age of German philosophy, together with the paintings of Leibniz and Kant; the increase of a brand new type of humanities in Lessing, Hamann, Herder, and Schiller; the early Romantics; and the Idealists Fichte, Schelling, and Hegel. the next chapters examine the cave in of the German synthesis in Schopenhauer, Feuerbach, Marx, and Nietzsche. Turning to the 20th century, the ebook explores the increase of analytical philosophy in Frege and the Vienna and Berlin circles; the basis of the old sciences in Neo-Kantianism and Dilthey; Husserl's phenomenology and its radical alteration via Heidegger; the Nazi philosophers Gehlen and Schmitt; and the most West German philosophers, together with Gadamer, Jonas, and people of the 2 Frankfurt faculties. Arguing that there has been a particular German philosophical culture from the mid-eighteenth century to the mid-twentieth century, the publication closes by way of analyzing why that culture mostly led to the many years after global warfare II.

A philosophical heritage impressive for its scope, brevity, and lucidity, this can be a useful e-book for college students of philosophy and someone attracted to German highbrow and cultural history.

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Example text

I have often modernized spellings in quotations, most of which can easily be found on the Internet. In citing posthumously published texts, I give the usual titles, even if they date from a later time. Here we are concerned with the main lines, not with scholarly details; I hope the reader will be encouraged to read the classics of German philosophy, rather than spend too much time on another book of secondary literature. Heinz Schlaffer’s Die kurze Geschichte der deutschen Literatur (A short history of German literature) provided me with a model, and of course I had constantly in mind Heinrich Heine’s incomparably astute work Zur Geschichte der Religion und Philosophie in Deutschland (On the History of Religion and Philosophy in Germany).

But the true reason why it makes sense to produce a new account of the history of German philosophy at the beginning of a century that will no longer be a European one is the extraordinary quality of this philosophical tradition that is surpassed only by that of the Greeks. This is a massive value judgment, and the reader should be forewarned: he will find much in this book— which is half essay, half history—that deliberately interprets German philosophy in light of its culmination in German idealism.

Anselm was a European—like Alcuin, who was born in northern England, and Eriugena, who was born in Ireland, both of whom made their careers on the continent under the Carolingians—and much the same can be said about Albertus Magnus. He therefore does not yet fall under the concept of German (that is, German-language) philosophy used here, but is instead a highpoint in its prehistory. The first thinker to whom we owe philosophical texts in German is the Benedictine Notker Labeo (c. 950–1022), who was the director of the monastery school in St.

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