By Salwa K. Abd-El-Hafiz
Program realizing performs an incredible function in approximately all software program comparable projects. it's important to the advance, upkeep and reuse actions. software knowing is integral for bettering the standard of software program improvement. a number of improvement actions akin to code reports, debugging and a few checking out methods require programmers to learn and comprehend courses. upkeep actions can't be played with no deep and proper knowing of the element of be maintained. software knowing is essential to the reuse of code elements simply because they can't be applied and not using a transparent figuring out of what they do. If a candidate reusable part has to be transformed, an figuring out the way it is designed is additionally required. of This monograph provides a· knowledge-based method of the automation of application realizing. This process generates rigorous software documentation robotically via combining and development on strengths of a realistic application decomposition strategy, the axiomatic correctness notation, and the data established research methods. extra particularly, this technique files courses by way of producing first order predicate good judgment annotations in their loops. during this technique, loops are categorized in keeping with their complexity degrees. in keeping with this taxonomy, adaptations at the simple research method that most sensible healthy all of the assorted sessions are defined. more often than not, mechanical annotation of loops is played through first decomposing them utilizing facts stream research. This decomposition encapsulates interdependent statements in occasions, which are analyzed individually.
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Extra info for A Knowledge-Based Approach to Program Understanding
The following four sections describe how to perform these analysis and adaptation tasks. They cover the following topics: 1. How to analyze an inner loop? 2. How to replace an inner loop, after analyzing it, with a sequential construct that represents its functional abstraction? 3. How the analysis of outer loops in a nested construct is different from that of flat loops? 4.
7) represents an enumeration construct that generates a sequence of values of a discrete ordinal type in an ascending order with a unit step. #. Since the firing-condition ensures that the relational operator R# equals S; or <, the condition means that the final value assumed by var# is determined by the expression exp#. The enumeration states that var# is incremented by a unit step. Incrementing var# is possible because 34 A KNOWLEDGE-BASED APPROACH TO PROGRAM UNDERSTANDING the firing-condition ensures that it is of a discrete ordinal type.
The invariant asserts that when the loop terminates with the value of var2# modified, then IhS# equals the value of exp# just before the termination of the loop. When the loop terminates with the value of var2# unmodified, the variable IhS# remains the same. The creation of the knowledge base in a specific application domain should be performed by an expert in both formal specifications and this domain. The expert should analyze the commonly used events in this domain and create new plans or improve on already existing ones.