By Philomena Dol
Maybrat is a Papuan language that is spoken within the crucial zone of the Bird's Head Peninsula , Papua Province , Indonesia . although it truly is one of many higher neighborhood languages in Papua Province by way of numbers of audio system, a finished grammar in this language has hitherto now not been published.
This ebook goals to provide an outline of the phonology, morphology and sy n tax of the Maybrat language because it is spoken through the folk of Ayawasi. preferably, this paintings can be utilized as a reference grammar: it supplies information regarding crucial structural and typological elements of Maybrat. With this in brain, the grammar is filled with illustrative examples focused round contrasts in shape and that means, that are mentioned within the textual content.
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Additional info for A Grammar of Maybrat: A Language of the Bird’s Head Peninsula, Papua Province, Indonesia
Because the bilabial plosive belongs to the same natural class as the alveolar and velar plosives, and the latter two are voiceless, I choose the symbol /p/ to represent the bilabial plosives [p] and [b]. /t/ → [t] [tH] [t˚] /k/ → [k] voiceless alveolar plosive [tima»ra] /timara/ [»tatEm] /tatem/ [»pçi:t] /poiit/10 ‘my ear’ ‘my hand’ ‘food’ [t] varies freely with aspirated alveolar plosive [tH] and unreleased alveolar plosive [t˚] in word-final position: [xçt] ~ [xçtH] /xot/ ‘saliva’ [»pçi:t] ~ [»pçi:tH] /poiit/ ‘food’ [»pçi:t] [»xapçt] ~ ~ [»pçi:t˚] [»xapçt˚] voiceless velar plosive [kan] /kan/ [»wikan] /wikan/ [«tanaf´»RAk] /tanafrak/ /poiit/ /xapot/ ‘food’ ‘they are satisfied’ ‘embers’ ‘tears’ ‘my skull’ [g] [k] and [g] vary freely intervocalically: [»pçkuwo] ~ [»pçguwo] /pokuo/ [t´ki»jAs] ~ [t´gi»jAs] /tkias/ [k˚] [k] varies freely with [k˚] in word-final position: [p´»tAk] ~ [p´»tAk˚] /ptak/ ‘they open’ [»manIk] ~ [»manIk˚] /manik/ ‘oil’ ‘a feast’ ‘I tell’ To recapitulate, only the plosive /p/ can be realised as voiced and voiceless in wordinitial position.
A ‘cuscus’ is a small marsupial which lives in trees, and is often hunted at night for food. 5 Other phonetic features Many older speakers of Maybrat blow through their nose (marked ‘á’) at the end of a sentence, as in (57). This movement seems to be completely arbitrary: it does not, for instance, signal to the hearer that more is to come, or, conversely, that the speaker has nothing more to say. ‘á’’s are well attested all over the Bird’s Head (for example Menick pers. ; Odé pers. ; Reesink pers.
2). 1 In the examples in this chapter I have not given morpheme boundaries, because they are irrelevant for the present discussion. 1 Phonemes There are five vocalic phonemes and eleven consonantal phonemes. The phonemes are presented between slashes ‘/ /’, and the allophones of each phoneme between square brackets ‘[ ]’. 1 on inalienably possessed nouns. 14 Phonology 15 word-final position are presented. In the phonetic forms, main stress is marked by ‘ » ’ preceding the syllable, and secondary stress, if heard, by ‘«’ preceding the syllable.